Arab client state of Persia (q.v.) centered at Hira on the lower Euphrates (qq.v.), a location that made the Lakhmids a natural buffer between Persia and Byzantium (q.v.). Their greatest ruler, al-Mundhir III (ca. 505-554), called Alamundarus by the Byzantines (not to be confused with the Ghassanid [q.v.] ruler of the same name), was so great a threat to Byzantium that Justinian I (q.v.) was forced to develop the Arab Ghassanids as an opposing client state. The Lakhmids were conquered by the forces of Islam (q.v.) in 633.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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